Posted by: Hailey | July 21, 2009

The Truth about Bubbles!

Champagne is a sparkling wine produced by inducing a secondary fermentation in a bottle to effect carbonation. La Méthode Champenoise, the traditional way of making Champagne, is more than 260 years old!

Thanks to people like Dom Pérignon and Veuve Clicquot – Champagne has become internationally known as the wine of Kings and Emperors. Nowadays, we all have the chance to be Kings/Queens/Emperors/Empresses when it comes to drinking Champagne!

Champagne and Bubbles Facts and Trivia:

  • The reason smaller bubbles make better champagne is basically because there are more bubbles available to release the flavor and aroma.
  • Scientific studies conducted by Bill Lembeck of a 750ml bottle of champagne under laboratory conditions yielded a bubble count of 49 million.
  • The same scientific studies found that the average Champagne bubble diameter is 0.020mm.
  • Assuming you serve 10 flutes per bottle, that is 4.9 million bubbles per flute
  • Is the silver spoon on the top of the Champagne bottle to retain bubbles inside a myth or a reality? Dr. Richard Zare, professor and department chair of chemistry at Stanford University, says that “what’s keeping the champagne bubbly has less to do with the silver spoon and more to do with the temperature of the fridge.” Zare has done numerous studies on the subject since 1994. In Zare’s champagne studies, there was no significant difference in the effervescence of champagnes stored overnight with a silver spoon and those stored without one. The spoon doesn’t hurt, but it doesn’t help either.
  • Does champagne age like wine? Champagne is no different from any other type of wine. It can be cellared (kept and improved with age) but the degree to which you can age a bottle of champagne without ruining it will vary according to a particular brand of champagne and conditions under which the champagne is stored.
  • What is the Champagne bottle pressure and the best temperature to serve Champagne? It is about 90 pounds per square inch and the best serving temperature is around 45° Fahrenheit.

Remember, Champagne is produced in the Champagne region of France; everything else is just sparkling wine in all its diversity.

If you want to learn more about wine bubbles, please consider joining us for the 2nd Annual Champagne and Other Bubbles Festival at the French Embassy tomorrow night!


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